One of the great advantages of using OpenVPN with RSA keys instaed of static keys is the fact that you can easily disable access to the server for a specific client without the need to re-create keys for any other client. This is called revoking of client certificates.
Since every single client’s certificate is verified against a Certificate Revoking List (CRL), disabling a certificate is rather easy. We simply have to create a CRL file and tell OpenVPN to use it. Any match against the CRL will then result in the connection being dropped.
Create a CRL file
The simplest way of dealing with RSA key management in general is probably
easy-rsa. You probably set up your OpenVPN server with the help of easy-rsa in the first place, so creating the CRL file is as simple as
# cd /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/ # source ./vars NOTE: If you run ./clean-all, I will be doing a rm -rf on /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/keys # ./revoke-full client Using configuration from /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/openssl-1.0.0.cnf Revoking Certificate 04. Data Base Updated Using configuration from /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/openssl-1.0.0.cnf client.crt: C = US, ST = CA, L = City, O = name, OU = name.example.org, CN = client, name = client, emailAddress = firstname.lastname@example.org error 23 at 0 depth lookup:certificate revoked
As you can see in the last line, the certificate was successfully revoke (hence the verification error 23).
You can also see the revoked status of the client’s certificate in the
keys/index.txt file. An “R” in the first column indicates, that the certificate was revoked.
[...] R 240209140518Z 140211140526Z 04 unknown /C=US/ST=CA/L=City/O=name/OU=name.example.org/CN=client/name=client/emailAddressemail@example.com
To examine the newly created CRL file, use
# openssl crl -in keys/crl.pem -text
Configure OpenVPN to use a CRL
Next, we need to tell OpenVPN to verify incoming connections against against our CRL. Copy the
crl.pem file to the OpenVPN config directory and assure, that’s it’s readable to the user running the OpenVPN service (usually openvpn:openvpn).
# cp -a keys/crl.pem /etc/openvpn/keys/ # chmod 755 /etc/openvpn/keys/
To tell the OpenVPN server to use a CRL, add the following line to your server’s config file:
[...] crl-verify keys/crl.pem
After restarting the OpenVPN server, every connection from a client with a revoked certificate should be denied
# journalctl -f [...] Feb 11 15:27:05 OpenVPN openvpn: 192.168.8.35:51960 CRL CHECK FAILED: C=US, ST=CA, L=City, O=name, OU=name.example.org, CN=client, name=client, emailAddressfirstname.lastname@example.org is REVOKED [...]